The Cairn terrier is a small hunting dog with Scottish roots. Initially, he was kept to hunt foxes, badgers, rats and otters. The Cairn terrier is a small dog with a typical tail. The tail of the animal stands completely straight up. The dogs are lively, have a cheerful character and listen well to their owners. However, they can be mischievous at times.
It is quite complicated to trace the history of the Cairn terrier. This is because the Cairn terrier originated from a mix of different dogs that in the past were simply called Scottish terriers. It is suspected that this species was already present in Scotland in the 1600s. In any case, this applies to a breed of dog that is very similar to the Cairn terrier: the Skye Terrier. The Cairn terrier was used to hunt small game. That game attacked fences of, for example, the yard. Sometimes, these dogs were used in groups, then they took on larger game, such as a fox.
This breed of dog is very alert. In addition, they have been quite independent in the past. That independence is still in the animal. You can raise them well and teach them to listen to you, but that does not mean that the animals will not go their own way every now and then. The dog has, especially for a small dog, a lot of energy. So it is not enough to take a walk with this animal every now and then. He likes to be played with. Therefore, the dog is a good family dog. He gets along well with children and especially with older children he likes to romp.
The Cairn Terrier is a nice family dog, but it is important that he has a consistent owner who teaches him what his limits are. The animals are namely quite independent and without consistent instructions the dogs become annoying. In addition, the hunting instinct is still present in the animals. Sometimes this is desirable, for example on a farm. When it is unwanted, the owner will have to unlearn it.